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BBC World News This Week

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U.s. 13, Afghanistan 6, Us 5, Bp 3, Kcet 3, Los Angeles 3, Louisiana 3, Newman 2, United States 2, Catherine T. Macarthur 2, John D. 2, Stowe 2, Obama 2, Bradley Manning 2, Mexico 2, Florida 2, Peter Marshall 2, Libya 2, Scotland 2, Vermont 2,
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  WHUT    BBC World News This Week    News/Business.  

    July 31, 2010
    7:00 - 7:30pm EDT  

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>> "bbc newsnight" is presented by kcet, los angeles. made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies.
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what can we do for you? >> we are a nation of explorers. we seek new ways of living, of thinking, and of expressing ourselves. we take risks. we learn from experience. and we keep moving forward. that is why we encourage and celebrate the explorer in all of us. >> and now "bbc newsnight." >> bp might think the worst is over, but with lawsuit's filing not, other problems may just have begun. -- with lawsuits piling up, their problems may have just begun. this week, up bp gets an new
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boss following huge losses after the gulf spill. >> they cannot feed their kids or pay their bills. let me tell you -- the frustration is boiling. >> the lockerbie bombing. the u.s. senator in charge of the inquiry said his committee will come to britain for answers. ferry in the u.s. military over the afghan wikileaks. >> the truth must come first. first the truth because without the truth, no public policy is going to work. >> hello. the oil giant bp announced a multibillion-dollar losses and in the wake of the gulf of mexico spill. it also has a new chief executive to take over from beleaguered -- beleaguered boss
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tony hayward. the company has allocated more than $72 billion to cover the cost of the spill. this is cold comfort to be thousands of people whose lives have been blighted by the disaster. as peter marshall reports from louisiana, bp may be in for one of the biggest and longest battles in oil spill history. >> people say the petrochemical industry is just as dangerous. there are a lot of industries that are dangerous. this is just unsafe. >> by nature, and he is attacks and the thrill seeker. he is a profession of lawyer. he is about to swoop on to bp. and jump ♪ad >> bp has a routine of taking more risks and and their competitors on estate the
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issues. >> ♪ jump >> while bp values are in free fall, no one is shedding tears for the shareholders. on the ground, concerns are more personal. >> we have hundreds of thousands and potentially millions of people directly impacted. financially, economically. >> people cannot pay their bills, feed their kids, and let me tell you -- that tempers, the frustration is boiling. >> for bp, this is our reckoning. how much compensation will they have to pay out? is it the money set aside and not? and these are the calculations. how much pollution on the sea and in the land have day -- have they cause. and then there is the criminal investigation. at people are well aware that
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will drilling is are risky business in these parts. but bp stands at unprecedented levels of recklessness. the alabama coast line is decorated with floating booms as a defense against the oil. all along the gulf states, it is the same. james named from florida runs charter boats to -- james maine from florida runs charter boats to take tourists. >> i have nothing on my schedule. i have five letters of cancellation. it happened right in the metal out everything right -- in the middle of everything i usually do. >> with normal work suspended, some have found employment in cleanup. others rely on the uncertainty of monthly compensation checks from bp. next month, an independent assessor starts dispersing bp's
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special account. but where does he draw the line? >> we do a lot of headliner shows. >> made a fortune out of stealing bp over past -- he made a fortune out of the ceiling bp over past transgressions. he says the money set aside for the cleanup will not be nearly enough. blacks -- >> i would tell everybody who lost a dollar and pay that $1 back. that is what bp chose them. >> will that break bp? >> the reality is that bp has known for many years that a cut corners they should not cut. >> there are gas platforms on the horizon, but the scientists here say they have never been a problem. the oil-on the seabed is a different matter. -- the oil gush on the seabed is
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a different matter. >> the molecules somewhere in the water column -- the effect will be a question answered today, tomorrow, and probably 10 years from now as we see how that ms to be at the system. >> the dispersant where is he more than the oil? >> whether it is a good or bad idea, why use the gulf of mexico as an experiment that collects the cause bp used dispersants, its critics say the true scale of the leak can never be measured. it could be around 200 million gallons, an exponential increase in initial estimates. >> almost 6000 vessels. these are thousands of local fishing boats organized into strike teams. advertising -- is advertising in america ought to say that they will make things
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right. >> i grew up on the gulf coast. i love these waters. i am going to do everything i can to stop it. >> south of new orleans, the locals are unconvinced. larger than life paris president is dealing -- perish president is dealing with bp every day and says they are clear this. >> always been more time fighting a. >> they say they are putting money into the whole gulf region. >> i am going to make you a promise here today. when this is over, i am going to guarantee you that if they give me everything that was spent, i will show you where they wasted more money than they spent cleaning up this spill. >> wasted money on? >> on everything. on the crews that are hiding out in the march, on helicopter flights to find out what we are doing instead of cleaning up the marsh. on everything.
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>> before oil, louisiana was it agent state known famously for its oysters -- was a cajun state known thing is the for its oysters. they have laid off staff at this factory. >> the oysterman in this parish struggling to get by on the emergency payments from bp. they are not helping at all? >> no. they go up, it has gone down. >> at the marina, the oyster boats are laid out. >> for me, some of the best time for me to work. >> but these are turning up dead? >> they are turning up dead. >> the irony he says -- it is the cleanup that has done the damage. we must be devastated. >> yes. they are trying to keep the oil out with the fresh water, and it
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is killing everything. if the oil comes in, it will kill everything, too. it will -- it is a double edged sword. madeerica's presidents among the country's addiction to oil, but it is the people here who have the real oil dependency. daily they are living with the consequences. the deepwater horizon disaster which killed 11 oil workers was no isolated incident for bp. in the past five years, their operations accounted for 97% of all the industry's safety violations in america. from broken platforms to ruptured pipelines, bp has been in the offender. worst of all, the explosion in texas city in 2005 for 15 and died. after that, bp was fined a record $50 million for criminal conduct. a further fine last year because
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bp had still not that safety conditions. now he is going to battle again. >> they have a criminal record. they have criminal indictments all over the place. it is infallible that companies like bp would continue to operate like this when they have criminal convictions. >> in response to his comments, bp tells us there offshore drilling safety record has been better than average until the deepwater horizon. on land and sea, they are improving safety. >> thank you so much. >> even former friends are abandoning bp. a republican politician and let time advocate of the oil industry defense -- my time advocate of the oil industry defends the oil companies. but his faith has run out in bp. >> you do not trust bp? >> do you? take a poll.
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at 97% of the people do not trust them. >> while at bp's seo has taken a high jump with his golden parachute, it is possible that there is worse to come. we may see executives and up in jail. >> peter marshall in louisiana. bp courted further controversy with its outgoing boss refused to attend a hearing concerning the release of the lockerbie bomber. al-megrahi, suffering from terminal cancer, was serving a life sentence in scotland. the senate hearing has been as bund due to lack of cooperation from the scottish -- has been postponed due to lack of cooperation from the scottish and british governments and bp. i asked what answers he hoped to get funding hearing. >> the same -- the same ones
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that we asked in the hearing. what were the factors that led to a al-megrahi's release? did bp play a role in those factors because in an impending deal with libya to the tune of $900 million? those are some of the questions. how did the doctors have gotten it so wrong to say on the iraqi army had months to live and now there are projections that he will not only -- wrong to say that al-megrahi had months to live and now there are projections that he may have years to live. >> unequivocably, the scottish government says they have not taken any discussions from bp in regards to al-megrahi. why do you not believe them and move on? >> we have a letter from a british parliamentarian who also referred to as scottish parliamentarians to was part of a business group of which bp is
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one of the prime sponsors that made a direct communication with the scottish minister. and said that we believe very strongly you should get a al- megrahi a release, whether as citizen transfer agreement or on compassionate grounds. at the question is, did you not realize that bp was one of the sponsors? >> would you consider coming over to scotland or england and discussing it with ministers over here? >> that is actually one of the options we are pursuing, in addition to making a request for them to come to the hearings, we will be sending individuals and taking those who remained -- who may be offered up to travel abroad to interview the individuals and suit ask questions and learn how they came to their decisions. >> you have also handed out
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letters to the u.s. state department and justice department saying you are disappointed in both cases that the witnesses will not attend your hearings. why should british officials attainder hearings if americans will not? >> we are being aggressive. we are pressing our own government officials. some of the officials i wanted from the state department are no longer in the state department. we will pursue them. we will pursue them privately. on the justice department side, we will be talking to the attorney general to produce a witness of the huge u.s.. i am sure at the end of the day, we will get valued witnesses from but state and justice departments, but i think it is valid that we are after the truth and what all parties to cooperate. >> what more do you want from tony hayward? he has quit or been forced out of his job would be pete. >> but he is still in his
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position until october. we are looking at a september hearing. we believe that he was in the midst of conversations with the libyans in pursuit of the deal. clearly, he was the ceo who had oversight over the hiring of the mi-6 former intelligence officer who was acting as a consultant for bp between the libyan government and speaking to jack straw, the former justice minister, on behalf of making sure the agreements on the prisoner transfer took place because of the concern the relationship would fall apart. it seems to me he has a lot to tell the committee. >> to you accept what every your inquiry finds, you will never
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get a al-megrahi back? he will never serve more time in jail. >> we are not willing to accept that proposition. clearly, it libya was to be part of the family of nations that is fighting terrorism, it seems to me he did not have a bomber who killed over 200 individuals, 38 from my home state of new jersey, and ultimately treat them as a hero. it seems to me they should be behind bars even if it is a libyan jail. >> thank you very much. >> the on-line publication of more than 91,000 leaked u.s. military reports on the war in afghanistan has prompted much debate this week. president obama insist the picture painted by the leaks underscores the need to stick to its approach to the conflict. less dismissive where president karzai and the u.s. chief of staff who want the leaks could pose a threat to afghan and
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formants and u.s. forces. the man who publish the documents remains unrepentant. >> he is being celebrated as a hero. an international champion of free information. but is the impact of this wikileaks website as positive as he insists? >> the wider significance of the beat is being realized. how wikileaks will change how military operates, but also everyone of us? the message is clear -- there are no secrets now. >> it is the wake up call to every public organization, every private company, that anything you give could come out. transparency is the new norm. >> the immediate impact was on the military. almost 92,000 confidential files and adding to a secret diary of the u.s. army war in
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afghanistan. president obama stepped up to play down its significance. >> while i am concerned about the disclosure of sensitive information from the battlefield that could potentially jeopardize individuals or operations, the fact is these documents be not reveal any issues that have not already informed our public debate on afghanistan. >> this is not high-level intelligence, but dispatches from the front lines. the consensus says, it has not transformed our perception of the war, but confirmed stories that were already in circulation. it has claimed the week's show the pakastani intelligence service has been covertly helping the taliban, the coalition forces have hidden the real number of civilian casualties, the existence of a secret assassination squad, that the taliban have acquired surface to air missiles, and the increasing use of deadly
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unmanned drones to bomb suspected insurgent targets. >> it could cost allied lives in afghanistan. it will give the taliban and insight into the way that we operate -- and insight into the way we operate, in the procedures -- an insight into the way we operate, into the procedures we use. that can only help them. >> the pentagon has launched a criminal investigation and described bradley manning as a person of interest. he was arrested in may and is believed to be held in q8. it is the wikileaks model that is difficult. vast amounts of data can be uploaded from anywhere in the world. the idea is that data will be released almost in its entirety and almost immediately.
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>> there is all the difference in the world between what it would call the mainstream media. we are the people who filter the stuff. we try to take a responsible attitude to what we publish. and then there is the wikileaks ideology, which is if we can get it, we will publish it. >> it has been shaped by the founders unique personality. >> he's leads wherever he plays his head. -- he sleeps wherever he plays his head. he has unusual intelligence. he thinks outside the box. that is why -- he has made amazing things happen. he is not a journalist. he is the hacker. >> my colleague has been talking to the founder of wikileaks. >> the u.s. army has launched a criminal investigation. will you cooperate that >> of course not. >> would you be afraid to go to the u.s.?
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>> ," and advised -- i have been advised regarding an earlier matter not to go to the united states. others have reiterated that concern. that said, there does seem to be a change in europe and the united states. i think wiser heads are operating. >> president obama says we can learn from these leaks. is that what you mean? >> simply, this is starting to match up with the public. that was immediately before this week. we will see what is the public -- the political fallout. the u.s. needs to understand that the world is watching to see if it will investigate the crimes that were probably revealed by this week, or will it broadcast misleading messages? >> how confident are you in your sources? >> we are confident we can support -- protect our
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resources. we have never lost a source. there is always a first time. we have the best history in journalism. >> why then offer to get financial help to bradley manning who is being held in kuwait, accused of being involved in these leaks? >> we are in a situation where we do not know who our sources are. b verify documents, not sources. >> but you are offering financial help. is it financial help for legal counsel? >> yes, for legal counsel. he is alleged to have released to us a video exposing the murder of a number of people in baghdad, including two journalists from 2007. he is being held in kuwait and he has recently been charged with that. we are morally obligated to try and help him as an alleged
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source. however, the mechanism through which he is alleged to it and exposed was not wikileaks. it is not our procedures. he is alleged to have spoken to an unfaithful journalist in the united states to read it and out to the fbi. >> how confident of -- are you of the veracity of the material that you know what you are dealing with? the danger is you are putting people's lives in danger by not understanding what they are leaked to? >> no, the danger is this war goes on as it has been occurring. we know 20,000 people have been killed since 2004. there is the danger every day that that circumstance is not addressed. >> but some of the damaging material that has come out is about the pakastani intelligence service is working hand-in-hand with the taliban to attack the coalition. that comes from afghan sources. they would say that, wouldn't they? >> there are informers to inform
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for a number of reasons. in form for money. in form for revenge. there are informers to inform for the truth. >> argue against the coalition -- are you against the coalition forces in afghanistan? >> i am against the war. >> are you against al-qaeda? >> i understand that aggressive forces need to be opposed diplomatically and militarily in various circumstances. that is not in any way to legitimize all the acts that occur in more, in any way. >> is not a danger that you're giving succor to the taliban? >> no. the truth must come first. without the truth, no public policy is coherent. >> are you concerned about demoralizing u.s. and coalition forces in afghanistan? >> u.s. forces are demoralized
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because they have been assassinating people without a judicial process or because they have been engaged in its division -- civilian casualties. if they are demoralized by that, they should change their behavior? we have established security procedures for different countries. some of them are very serious. >> have you ever been threatened? >> we have been threatened many times, yes. >> you think you are being followed? >> we have surveillance from time to time. they are rarely serious and terms of physical threats. >> is there another tranche of information coming out? is that true? >> there are millions of documents -- >> on this afghan material that's correct there are approximately 15,000 documents be -- on its afghan material?
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>> there are approximately 50,000 documents we have withheld. >> -- there are approximately 15,000 documents that we have with help. we will verify this. >> and nothing will stop you? >> courage is not the absence of fear. courage is understanding fear. >> [unintelligible] >> we have a number of people working with us. in any position as a representative of the people and to some degree, as a representative of the people who take the real risks in this organization. >> thank you very much indeed. >> that is all for this week. from all of us, goodbye. >> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold. get the top stories from around the globe and click to play video reports. go to bbc.com/news to
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experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank offers unique insight and expertise in a range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc newsnight" was presented by kcet, los angeles. by kcet, los angeles.
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